Different types of coffee

Updated: Nov 23, 2021

For those that go into a local Costa or Starbucks and get confused and intimidated by the many options that are given to us, allow me to break down each of the most popular ones. The names sound nice and can easily be mistaken for a sweeter taste rather than focus on the importance in the different strengths in coffee. For new coffee drinkers it is recommended to start with a latte, cappuccino and mocha. Below is a basic guide to simplified each most recognisable coffee.

(Cafe) Latte

Cafe latte basically means coffee with milk, and is typically made up of 1 or 2 shots of espresso and steamed milk with just a touch of foam. In most coffee shops it can be ordered plain. Or if you fancy trying it with a twist you may add a shot of anything from vanilla to hazelnut. You may have heard of one of the most seasonal known pumpkin spiced latte

Cappuccino Cappuccino is essentially a latte. It is made with more foam than steamed milk, often it's accompanied with a sprinkle of cocoa powder or cinnamon on top. You can find different versions that use cream instead of milk or ones that you can also throw in a flavour shot, as well.


With a closeness in taste and appearance to black filter coffee, the Americano is made by an espresso shot diluted in hot water.

Espresso The base of most coffee drinks, like lattes and macchiatos. An espresso shot can be served solo for a stronger coffee. Ask for a double if you fancy a larger one.


A cortado is the perfect balance of espresso and warm steamed milk. The milk is used to cut back on the espresso’s acidity.


Macchiato is the Italian word for 'stained' / 'spotted'. The orginal macchiato is espresso-macchiato, which is an espresso, with a little bit of steamed milk & foam. The variant latte-macchiato is based on steamed milk, topped with a shot of espresso. The espresso sinks to the bottom as its heavier than the milk.

(Cafe) Mocha

The mocha is like a latte, with added chocolate and sweetener. Usually created from espresso, steamed milk, milk foam, cocoa and sugar. They can also be made with whipped cream or chocolate. Often served with a dusting of cocao powder.

Flat White

This Aussie-born drink is basically a cappuccino without the foam or chocolate sprinkle. It’s an espresso drink (2 shots) with a flat (thin) layer of steamed milk.

Health Benefits of coffee

Drinking coffee has its benefits. Caffeine contained in coffee boosts metabolism, improves energy, and can promote weight loss. Black coffee is best for weight loss as it does not contain added sugars or fats that can contribute to weight gain.

If you have the right balance of coffee it could help to boost your health, as it can improve the amount of blood pumping around the body and ward off heart failure. It has also been suggested in recent studies that coffee drinkers have up to a 65% lower risk of Alzheimer’s disease.

Although there are benefits to drinking coffee, having too much caffeine can have reverse effects. Possible side effects from too much caffeine include high blood pressure, a precursor to heart disease, dizziness, shakiness and headaches. The recommended amount to drink is up to 2-3 cups, however it is safe for most people to have up to 5 cups a day.

As well as there are many different coffees to choose from, there are many milk companions to choose as well . Milk alternatives range from coconut to oat with differences in taste and health benefits to take into consideration to make up your perfect signature coffee. Keep your eyes peeled, as a blog on this is to follow very shortly!

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